|Huo Yuan Chia, Founder of Jing Mo
|| About Us
At Jing Mo Physical Culture Association, our focus is on Chinese Martial Arts. Get in touch with us today. We are in the San Francisco Bay Area area.
| History of Jing Mo|
Towards the end of the Ching Dynasty, China was weak and politically confused. The country was suffering from one natural disaster after another on top of oppression. The Chinese people were regarded as invalids because of the miserable economic conditions. The idea behind starting a center for martial arts was to help lift the peoples feeling as Invalids of Asia. Ching Wu (Jing Mo)Association was founded in 1909 by Huo Yuan Chia with the aim of cultivating sagacity, benevolence and courage and improving the health of the people. With the failure of the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, the reputation of Chinese martial arts among the populace had fallen to its lowest point since the time when the Chinese martial arts was at the Shao Lin Monastery in the late 1400s. From 1909 to 1939, the Ching Wu (Jing Mo) Physical Cultural Association was able to restore the populace faith and respect for Chinese Martial Arts. Ching Wu (Jing Mo) Association developed into Chinas earliest and largest Martial Art Institute. Huo Yuan Chia became a National Hero and his name still is revered and honored as a great martial artist fighter.
Before Huo Yuan Chia death, he wrote to Chao Lin Ho who was a master of Northern Shao Lin with his specialty in the Er Lang Style, Mi Tsung, Tam Tui Style and the Battle Fist Styles and invited him to teach at the Ching Wu Ti Tsao School in Shanghai. Chao Lin Ho was from the Fu Tou Village, Tung Hsien County, Hopei Province. The young patriot group decided to renew the invitation again to Chao Lin Ho to the new Ching Wu Ti Yu Hui school in Shanghai. With a new instructor coming, a new school name, and a new location, it was a new beginning for the school. Chao Lin Ho was to be the first of many instructors to be invited. Chao Lin Ho arrived in 1911 and his first task was to prepared numerous lectures on Chinese martial arts and later in the early 1920s wrote his most famous books on Twelve Rows of Tam Tui, Twelve Rows of Sparring Tam Tui, Northern Shao Lin Combination Battle Fist, Ta Mor Sword and the Northern Shao Lin Cross-Battle set while at the Ching Wu (Jing Mo) Physical Cultural Association. Chao Lin Ho developed and standardized the twelve rows of Tam Tui and the twelve rows of sparring Tam Tui. The group were so pleased with Chao Lin Ho that they appointed him the Ching Wu's Head Instructor. He would be responsible for all the Ching Wu (Jing Mo) schools throughout the East. On March 4, 1915, Ching Wu (Jing Mo) Physical Cultural Association out grew its facility and moved into a larger facility. It was a two story building with much more space. Living quarters and offices were on the upper level while the training, teaching and meeting areas were on the first level. Chao Lin Ho was able to organize the association and kept its members up to date regularly on the activities in the Ching Wu (Jing Mo) Physical Cultural Association through a published magazine.
End of Part I
Please come back for Part II
|Great Grandmaster Kuo Yu Chang, Northern Shaolin
|Great Grandmaster Chao Lin Ho
|| The Instructors
The Jing Mo Physical Cultural Association is located in San Bruno, California which is just 15 miles south of San Francisco. In this school, there are two instructors; Sifu Robert Louie as the Head Instructor and Sifu Herb Leung. There is also a guest instructor, Sifu Arthur Chin. These three instructors have collectively over 105 years of experience in Chinese Martial Arts and are graduates of the Jing Mo Physical Cultural Association in San Francisco with Chief Instructor Sifu Wong Jack Man and are his leading senior disciples.
| Louie Sifu's expertise is in Northern Shaolin, Northern Shaolin Lo Han and Yang and Sun style Tai Chi, Sun style Hsing I and Fu style Pa Kua. |
Leung Sifu's expertise is in Northern Shaolin, Yang and Sun style Tai Chi and Fu style Pa Kua.
Chin Sifu's expertise is in Northern Shaolin, Tai Chi Praying Mantis and hand to hand combat.
All three sifus have extensive knowledge in the 18 classical weapons of Chinese Martial Arts.
San Bruno Rec Center. Fridays from 6:30 PM - 8:30 PM (Complete Curriculum)
Ft Mason, Building C, San Francisco on Mondays, 8:00 PM - 10:00 PM. (Specially designed for Tai Chi Praying Mantis Classes)
|Leung Sifu, Louie Sifu, Chin Sifu and San Bruno Jing Mo students
|San Bruno Junior Class, 2008
|Historical Articles about Our Grandmasters
Norther Shaolin Lo Han Grandmaster Sun Yu Fung
SOURCE: NEW MARTIAL HERO #27 (1970?)
AS STUDIED AND RECITED BY BUDDHA MOUNTAIN MEN
TRANSLATED BY LARRY CHAU (DECEMBER 3, 1990)
EDIT BY ROBERT LOUIE (DECEMBER 7, 1990)
In the 20th year of the Republic, Sun Yu Fung, a famous Lo Han teacher, was sent by the Shanghai Central Ching Wu Physical Association to Kwangchou to promote Shao lin kung fu. Sun Yu Fung and his son, Sun Wen Yang, taught kung fu as dictated by the Ching Wu Association, which was the basic kung fu of Ching Wu: Twelve Rows of Tan T'ui, Kung Lick Kuen, Big War (Battle) Fist, Loose Battle Fist, Combination Battle Fist, etc. Weapons included Five Tiger Spear, Shepherd Staff, etc.
(NOTE: The ten sets as required by Ching Wu were: Tan T'ui, Kung Lick Kuen (Power), Jeet Kuen (Section Fist), Dai Gin Kuen (Big Battle Fist), Dui Tan T'ui (Sparring Tan T'ui), Don Do Dui Chiang (Sabre vs Spear), Toa Kuen (?), Pa Kau Do Eight Trigram Sabre), Ng Fu Chiang (Five Tiger Spear), and Kwai Yeun Kwan (Shepard Staff)....Ed.)
But Sun Yu Fung's specialty was Lo Han style. Lo Han is a branch of Shao lin, whose main part is the Lo Han Fist. Lo Han consist of eighteen sets; the first six sets are regarded as hard, the middle six sets are a combination of hard and soft, and the last six sets alternated hard and soft.
Sun Yu Fung's kung fu is Sung Shan Shao lin Temple from Honan Provence. His Sifu was Yuan T'ung T'san. Sun Yu Fung and his classmate, Ma Lang, both learned about the same time and later became accomplished instructors who later went their own way.
Sun Yu Fung was an expert in the eighteen Lo Han sets, Ch'ing Na Shu (Grabbing) and single sabres. He worked in a protection agency which escorted convoys in five provinces (Shangtung, Hupei, etc.). The martial arts people called Sun Yu Fung, The Sabre King of Five Provinces. The saber he used incorporated techniques from the Ching Na style which made his saber techniques unique. When he came to Kwangtung Provence, his sabre was considered to be his strongest point.
Sun Yu Fung started to learn kung fu at an early age. He was a native of the city of Ching in Shangtung Province where Wu Shu was very popular. The most popular martial art was wrestling. Many martial art experts taught in Ching. The government also encouraged youngsters to learn the art of wrestling. Contests were popular and the competitions were divided into divisions with different age groups. Sun Yu Fung learned wrestling when he was 12 years old in Ching city. He was very big for his age. After studying wrestling for a few years, he became even stronger. When he was fourteen or fifteen, he entered competition and because of his large frame and strength, he was unbeatable.
When he became an adult, he entered the adult competition. After a contest that he won in Shangtung Province, Sun Yu Fung became well known. However he, himself, was (still) not satisfied and trained harder.
Ching county and Peking were not too far from each other. All types of kung fu men who knew all kinds of styles concentrated in Ching city. If you wanted to improve your kung fu, just go to Peking, look for a famous fighter and ask him to teach you. Sun Yu Fung became well known from many of his contests and made contact with many Wu Shu people. He met Ma Lang during this time. They were especially close since both were from the same village in Shangtung Province.
Just at that time, Yuan T'ung T'an Sifu, wanted to promote Shao lin Lo Han. He went to Peking to search for some talented and intelligent individuals (so he could) teach them some Wu Shu. He saw Ma Lang and Sun Yu Fung, both of which had good National Arts background and were young and smart and taught Yan Lo Han to both of them. The style is called Yan Lo Han because it was passed down into parts named one o clock, two o clock, etc... to twelve o clock. (This is an old Chinese way of naming things) and Yuan was the third person to pass it down, so he called it Yan Lo Han.
(NOTE: It is unclear if Yuan T'ang T'an was the third person to learn Lo Han, the third generation to learn or the third person to teach Lo Han within the same generation. Ed.)
After a few years, Yuan T'ang T'an returned to the Shao lin Temple. Before leaving, he told Ma Lang and Sun Yu Fung that their Lo Han was good and that they could go teach. Ma Lang returned to Shangtung Province and organized the Chi Nan Wu Shu School. It gradually became well known and his Lo Han spread to all of Shangtung Province.
Sun Yu Fung took the position at the Chen Wei Piao Company. Using his Lo Han and his single sabre, he traveled the five provinces and encountered many famous fighters. The ones that compared skills with him, were defeated. All the villains he encountered, he was able to beat them. Later in Peking Sun opened his own security company called Ning Yuan Piao Company. The company flag was colored black and was triangular with sawed edges, and had white words. Whenever they went they were never stopped and Sun Yu Fung received his name, The King of Five Provinces.
After Huo Yuen Chia died, Chen Kung Che and several other disciples carried out Huo's will of searching and gathering all the different styles and teachers of Wu Shu. They were to teach at the Ching Wu Association. They knew that Ma Lang was promoting Lo Han and that his school was doing well. So they wanted someone to teach Lo Han at Ching Wu. They knew Sun Yu Fung was Ma Lang's classmate so they sent someone to invite Sun Yu Fung to come to teach in Shanghai. Sun Yu Fung's business was slowing so he agreed. He taught Lo Han with his son Sun Wen Yang.
After teaching a few years in Shanghai, he went to Kwangchou's Ching Wu to promote Shao lin. As a Ching Wu teacher, he taught the Ching Wu basic fist. If any of his students were superior (in abilities) and asked for further instruction, then he taught Lo Han.
In Kwangchou, many Southern teachers looked down on Northern styles. Many wanted to challenge Sun Yu Fung so that they could knock Sun Yu Fung down. During the times when father and son were teaching, someone would come to say they like to watch. Then they would ask ridiculous questions and then suddenly attack Sun Yu Fung. In the end the opponent would always submit and praise Sun Yu Fung. Many challengers would ask to be a student.
Hwang Hsiao Hou learned Ts'ai Li Fut from Li En. Li En was Chen Kwan Po's student and was very famous in Kwangchou. Hwang Hsiao Hou was really an expert in many forms of the Ts'ia Li Fut. He learned Crossing Strikes, Long Fist, Eight Trigrams Heart. In weapons he learned Plum Blossom Double Sabres, Big Red Staff, Left and Right Thirteen Spear, Crossing Short Spear, and Single Chain. He was very important to Li En. Hwang Hsiao Hsia knew that Sun Yu Fung was from the north and was considered an expert and was also known as "The King Sabre of Five Provinces." Sun Yu Fung had beaten every Southerner who challenged him. He even welcomed anyone to come compare skills. Hwang Hsiao Hou was young and he felt Sun Yu Fung looked down on all Southern kung fu. He wanted to challenge Sun and knock him down.
One day Hwang Hsiao Hou walked to the Ching Wu Sport Arena which had not open for a long time. Sun Yu Fung was teaching at the Ching Wu from 9 AM to 11 AM. Hwang Hsiao Hou entered the school and saw Sun Yu Fung teaching twelve rows of Tan T'ui. As Sun Yu Fung was demonstrating the move, he was explaining the use of the technique involved, i.e. strike, blocks, etc. Hwang Hsiao Hou felt the 12 rows were simple but contained all kinds of varieties. It was deep, quick and fast.
Sun Yu Fung was explaining to his students that the Hammer with a chain attached to the end was a special Northern weapon. It was used to strike the opponents' collar (Ling Ti).
Hwang Hsiao Hou said, "No, Master Sun, I learned Ts'ai Li Fut and the style also has a weapon like the Hammer and Chain. It is similar to what you said but it is a better weapon." Sun Yu Fung looked at Hwang Hsiao Hou and he saw that Hwang Hsiao Hou was a big man. Sun Yu Fung was aware that Hwang Hsiao Hou had come to challenge.
Sun Yu Fung asked, "How many years did you learn Ts'ai Li Fut and from whom?"
Hwang Hsiao Hou replied,"I learned from Li En for two or three years. I think that I can win against an old Northerner."
Sun Yu Fung answered the challenge, "Okay, let's try it out. If you beat me, I will learn Ts'ai Li Fut. If I win, you have to kneel in front of me and bow your head three times."
Hwang Hsiao Hou said, "I am young and strong. I can win with no problem." Hwang Hsiao Hou attacked with hang, grab, sweep, and chop techniques which were all executed at the same time. Hwang Hsiao Hou felt that he could win by striking fast. But Sun Yu Fung did not panic. He blocked every technique and at the same time, Sun Yu Fung was explaining to Hwang Hsiao Hou what mistakes he was making as if he was teaching Hwang Hsiao Hou. None of Hwang Hsiao Hou's strikes touched Sun Yu Fung. After a while, Hwang Hsiao Hou got tired and he made his final attack: a spear hand. Sun Yu Fung uses a technique from the second row of Tan T'ui called Strike the Belly Fist. (Note: This technique is in a square horse and the left (or right) fist is at the waist with the right (or left) fist punching with a horizontal fist to the side, parallel to the ground..Ed.) Sun Yu Fung then subdues Hwang Hsiao Hou's attack by using his left leg to kick Hwang Hsiao Hou's shins. Hwang Hsiao Hou goes down in pain. Being a smart guy, Hwang Hsiao Hou was already bending forward because he is holding his shins, suddenly kneels and bows in front of Sun Yu Fung . Hwang Hsiao Hou said, "Master, Master", as he bowed. With this action, Hwang Hsiao Hou performed exactly what he was asked to do and he was able to demonstrate to Sun Yu Fung that he wanted to be a disciple. Sun Yu Fung acknowledged and accepted Hwang Hsiao Hou. Hwang Hsiao Hou was able to learn Lo Han. Hwang Hsiao Hou also introduced three other people from the Ts'ai Li Fut school to the Ching Wu school. All three later became famous in Lo Han. The three were Chin Chun Wu, Ts'ai Po Ta, and Lin Shao Li.
Ts'ai Po Ta learned the best part of Ts'ai Li Fut. He went to Kwangchou and his disciple was Chen Kuen Po. Chen Kuan Po learned Ts'ai Gar Kuen which is a style based on a fight between a Farm Mouse and a Snake. Chen Kuan Po founded the style.
The second disciple, Chen Chun Wu is a disciple of Leng Chi. He was strong, thought of himself as a very good fighter and would challenge everyone. At this time, Wu ______ Chung, who was a White Crane Master, went with Chen Chun Wu to challenged Ts'ai. Both Wu ____ Chung and Chen Chun Wu won their fights and became very famous.
Hwang Hsiao Hou told Ts'ai Po Ta and Chen Chun Kuei that Sun's kung fu was very good. Both Ts'ai Po Ta and Chen Chun Kuei knew right away that Hwang Hsiao Hou had challenged Sun Yu Fung and lost because Hwang Hsiao Hou never compliments anyone's kung fu.
Sun Yu Fung knew three men who were called Three Tigers of the East River. They were Lin Yin Tang, Lin T'iao Kuei and Chang Li Tung. Lin Yin Tang was very good at public relations and he had hired the Five Northern Tigers (of China) to teach at his school.
(Note: The Five Tigers of China were Wan Li Sheng - Northern Shao lin and Spontaneous Boxing, Kuo Yu Chang - Northern Shao lin, Spontaneous Boxing, Ch'a Kuen and Hsing-i, Fu Chen Sheng - Pa Kua, Wang Shao Chou - Northern Shao lin and Ch'a Kuen, and Li Hsien Wu - Northern Shao lin, Hsing-i and Tan T'ui) . They were part of the Thirteen Champions of all China in the 1928 National Arts Tournment in Shanghai....Ed.)
Lin T'iao Kuei opened a school and both Lin T'iao Kuei and Lin Yin Tang socialized together. Lin T'iao Kuei knew Wan Li Sheng, who was one of the Five Tigers. Lin T'iao Kuei wanted to learn Northern Shao lin and knew Wan Li Sheng was very cocky. Therefore, he did not want to learn from him. Lin T'iao Kuei learned about Sun Yu Fung who was also a Northern Shao lin and went to him to learn at the Ching Wu. He became good friends with Sun Wen Yang. He introduced Sun Wen Yang to Lin T'iao Kuei school and watched Lin T'iao Kuei teach Dragon Fist. Sun Wen Yang joins Lin T'iao Kuei school and Lin T'iao Kuei sends his son to learn from Sun Yu Fung. Wan Li Sheng became the Principal Master of Lin Wu government school and as a result did not have time to teach martial arts. He knew about Sun Yu Fung and wrote a letter to Sun Yu Fung requesting that he come and teach at the government school.
Sun Yu Fung opened the letter and became angry. Sun said,"You, Wan Li Sheng, kiss ass to get where you are... to become the Principal Master of the two Kwang's Wu Shu schools. Yet you never contacted me in any way. Now you send me a letter and want me to be under you! I have better skills yet I am your subordinate. You have less skills yet you want to be my superior!"
Lin Yin Tang overheard what Sun said and he immediately contacted Wan Li Sheng to explain why the letter was returned. Wan Li Sheng realized what went wrong and went to see Sun Yu Fung to apologize. Sun Yu Fung accepted both the apology and the offer.
At the same time Lin Shao Li learn Ts'ai Li Fut from Fang Yu Shu when she was twelve years old. She learned Cross Arms, and Level Arms.
Shortly after Ching Wu opened, Lin Shao Li went to the school to observe. She was instantly involved in the "deep movements and the shadow play of the sabres". She loved it. She knew Hwang Hsiao Hou because he was a friend of her father, Lin See Hing. She asked Sun Yu Fung to accept her as a student. Sun Yu Fung was an old fashion master who places emphasis on the horse and hard wrist. But Sun Yu Fung notice that her foundation was good and he therefore accepted her.
She learned twelve rows of Tan T'ui, Kung Lic Kuen, the Five Battle Fists, Shepherd Staff and Five Tiger Spear. Her partner was Sun Wen Yang and they matched very well when they performed together. At the annual Kwangtung Sport Meet, she won top honors and became a champion. Sun Yu Fung asked her to teach in the school and she became known as a woman master.
Lin Shao Li was eighteen years old and many people paid her no respect. Master T'ang Mao (Katsu) of Ts'ai Li Fut saw her perform and publicly criticize her performance. He said, "She knows only needle and stitches." This translated that what she knew was only for females and not for fighting. Of course this made her angry. One day she went to the Fang village to challenge T'ang Mao (Katsu) but he was not there. She then broke a few arms from a wooden fighting dummy and left a note to challenge T'ang Mao.
When T'ang Mao returned to the village, he saw the damage and knew right way that Lin Shao Li was responsible for the damage. T'ang Mao went to Sun Yu Fung to complain. He also went to Hwang Hsiao Hou to have him deliver the message that he accepted the challenge.
Hwang Hsiao Hou realized that both were from Ts'ai Li Fut and if the fight should occurred, it would only invite ridicule and criticism from everyone. Hwang Hsiao Hou acted as a mediator between Lin Shao Li and T'ang Mao. The local newspapers in Kwangchou heard about the potential fight and used her name in the headlines. After this many people came to Lin Shao Li to learn but she only accepted females and taught only Shao lin Fist.
Sun Yu Fung specialized in sabres: Foot-soldiers sabre, Flower Lu Sabre, Breaking Door Sabre, Plucking the Life Sabre and Loose Wrist Sabre. He was good at Lo Han Chi Kung and Iron Cloth. Therefore, Sun Yu Fung had to learn how to absorb a strike before learning Wu Shu. Sun Yu Fung always let his students hit him and it never bother him at all.
One time near the Ching Wu School, there was a Police Station which had horses. Sun Yu Fung said, "When you are good at Lo Han, you can retreat your testicles inside your body. When you get kicked in the groin, there is no harm." One day Sun Yu Fung stood behind a horse and intimidated the horse into kicking with its hind legs. Sun Yu Fung received hits all over his body but Sun Yu Fung showed no injury. Another time, Sun Yu Fung spread his legs behind a horse, grabbed the horse's tail and let the horse kick Sun Yu Fung between his legs. No harm came to Sun Yu Fung because "he had his babies inside him."
Sun Yu Fung said, "The best thing about Lo Han Chi Kung is, the stronger striking force is then the stronger the force will be reflected back."
Not only did Sun Yu Fung not mind receiving strikes onto his body, he also liked to strike out at his opponents. Any student who could not sustain the force of his strike, then they will never learn the "good stuff" from Sun Yu Fung. His son received a lot of punishment but he learned a lot. Sometimes he was thrown ten to twenty feet by Sun Yu Fung. Hwang Hsiao Hou had help Sun Yu Fung since he came to Kwangchou and therefore Hwang Hsiao Hsia was taught a lot.
Hwang Hsiao Hou was more of a marital artist scholar. Many times Hwang Hsiao Hou would get tired of learning from Sun Yu Fung because Hwang Hsiao Hou received so many hits from Sun Yu Fung.
Chen Chun Wu was strong and young. He always sparred with Sun Yu Fung. Sun Yu Fung would always hit Chen Chun Wu until Chen Chun Wu was on the ground. One time Sun Yu Fung grabbed Chen Chun Wu after Chen Chun Wu was knocked down. Without success, Chen Chun Wu had to twist around in circles many times, trying to force Sun Yu Fung to let go of his grip. Sun Yu Fung was very impressed with Chen Chun Wu because he never backed away. By this time, even though Sun Yu Fung had been in Kwangchou for several years, he still did not speak Cantonese. He only spoke Mandarin. Only Chen Chun Wu was able to understand what Sun Yu Fung said. In return, Chen Chun Wu was able to learn a lot from Sun Yu Fung.
After Wu ______ Chung (White Crane Master) brought Chen Chun Wu to challenge Ts'ai ____ _____ of Crouching? Style, Instead, Chen Chun Wu fought the number one disciple, Ching Wah P'an. Chen Chun Wu won the contest and he gone back to Ching Wu to brag about it. Sun Yu Fung overheard Chen Chun Wu and scolded him for challenging other people when he has not learned enough.
Sun Yu Fung said, "If I were him, I would have beaten you."
Chen Chun Wu understood that Sun Yu Fung wanted to demonstrate something to him so he said, "I will use the same technique against you".
Even though Chen Chun Wu attack was very strong, Sun Yu Fung fended all the attacking techniques. Finally Sun Yu Fung used the technique, "Twisting Dragon Kick" to defeat Chen. Chen Chun Wu was slightly injured by the kick.
At the same time there were other students who witness Chen's defeat They thought that Chen Chun Wu was being punished. Only Hwang Hsiao Hou understood what was happening. He said, "Don't you ever fight the master."
But Chen Chun Wu smiled, "Hey I don't mind getting hit once-a-day like this. That's how you learn."
Hwang Hsiao Hou then knew that Chen Chun Wu had understood what the intentions of Sun Yu Fung were. He said, "Our Sifu has Yin Yang (Duel) strength. The Yang is the hitting and kicking techniques which you can hear the wind with each strike. The Yin is different. The hitting and kicking techniques do not look impressive but if they make contact, it will be deadly. The "Twist Dragon Kick" looks like one is advancing but is really retreating and vise versa. It involves jumping and leaping techniques. It always makes the opponents guess which direction the kick is coming.
In 1936, Sun Yu Fung resigns from the Ching Wu as an instructor and passes the responsibility to his son, Sun Wen Jung. Sun Yu Fung was concerned that his son lacked the experience needed in teaching and socializing so he gave Hwang Hsiao Hou and Chen Chun Wu a pair of double sabres to take care of Sun Wen Jung. One year later, Kwangchou was lost to the Japanese. Sun Wen Yang joined the resistance forces but between battles, Sun Wen Yang got sick and died. Sun Yu Fung never learned where his son was buried. After World War II, Hwang Hsiao Hou and other classmates rejoined and learned from each other that both father and son died. However, they felt the Lo Han style was not lost (because the style is alive in the disciples.)
Great Grandmaster Ma Ching Fung of Northern Shaolin Lo Han
This short bio is from Ma' schools web site http://members.tripod.com/kin_fung
Great Grand Master Ma Ching Fung was born in Toi San, Guangdong on January 8, 1916. His original name was Wong Jaan, second name Hau Foon and assumed name Kin Fung. He was a son of a merchant who conducted business affairs in Canada. From an early age Ma was keen in learning Chinese Martial Arts and in high school his classmate’s father was the famous Wong Tak Hing (Wong Duk Hing) recognized Ma’s natural talents and gracious personality, made him his student at the age of 14..
From the beginning, Ma studied and practiced rigorously day and night in order to learn both external and internal aspects of the art. He became skilled in Tai Chi Grinding Form, sword forms, Shaolin Lo Han and Big, Small Plum Blossom Fist. He specialized in certain weapons such as the whipping chain and darts.
During the Japanese Sino War, Ma joined the Army and eventually lost contact with his teacher due to the turbulent times. Master Ma later learnt from two other famous masters; Kuo Yu Chang and Sun Yu Fung.
In 1936, Master Ma returned home only to discover that the Japanese invaded China. Feeling that it was his duty to use his martial arts skill to help his country, he promoted martial arts in the Say Yup counties by establishing the Kim Wah Broadsword Team Training Association, the Jun Keung Kung Fu Club, and the Lap Wah Kung Fu Club. As a result, Northern Martial Arts styles increased dramatically in Southern China.
In 1941, Master Ma was appointed the martial arts trainer for the Toi San Police Station. Two years later he became the, he became a military martial arts trainer. After World War II he returned to Guangzhou (Kwangchao) and established the Long Chong Fist Kung Fu Club before going to Hong Kong to become the trainer for Hak Keung Gymnasium and the coach for Ling Dong Secondary School.
In Hong Kong, he performed martial art demonstrations at the youth associations, the Sow Den and the Queen Elizabeth stadiums for charity fund raising events. He performed many styles such as Tai Chi Grind form, Ba Gua Sword (Pa Kua Sword), double chain and the famous Plum Blossom hand sets. His students would perform double sabers verse Spear, Lo Han Sparring, Disarming attacker’s weapon with bare hands, and Lo Han number 4. Over his long period of teaching, Master Ma has produced many students in China, Hong Kong and overseas.
In 1994, he moved to Vancouver, Canada where he enjoyed his retirement. He passed away in December 12, 2000.
Our Great Grandmaster of Northern Shaolin
By Robert Louie
Yim Shan Wu was born in 1887 in Ching Hsi Hsien. Kwangsi Provence. His first teacher was one of the Five Tigers who went South, Wan Li Sheng, master of Northern Shaolin Lui Ho and Tzu Men Boxing. When Yim heard that the famous master who killed a horse in one slap of the hand was coming south, he asked his sifu if he could learn from him. Wan Li Sheng was a good friend of Kuo Yu Chang and wrote a letter of introduction in behalf of Yim. Even before lessons could start from Kuo Yu Chang, he had to pass a test as required by the government. Yim was not Kuo’s first student and was 37 years old when he started to learn Northern Shaolin from Kuo. Since he was three years older than Kuo, Kuo treated him like a brother. Yim trained hard and concentrated totally on Ch’a Chuan, Northern Shaolin Chuan, Tai Chi Chuan and Lui Ho Chuan until he totally mastered these styles. In 1935, Yim Shan Wu was teaching in Tai Shan area in a local marketplace until WW II started and he left the area for Nanking, Kwang Hsi. Having no skills in farming or business, he went to the local martial arts school in hopes being hired as one of their teachers. The school was empty so he decided to open his own school. Because of the war, hard times were on everyone and he was force to close his school and got a job as a security guard for a protection agency. After WW II, Yim left the security agency and went to Canton, Kwangtung Province. He taught in the Central Park and attracted many followers. In 1957, Yim left Canton for Hong Kong where he teamed up with his classmate, Lung Tzu Hsiang, teaching Northern Shaolin. When Lung Tzu Hsiang passed away, Yim moved his class to the roof top of one of the tall buildings. Every morning his students would practice NSL fist and weapons while he would practice his Ch’i Kung. At 65 years old he was practicing Iron Head by standing on head with his arms and legs not touching the floor. At 72 years old he was still performing with tumbling techniques. Yim believed in the motto “to teach kung fu is to teach kung fu” which meant that he never liked to show off his skills. He never advertised that he learnt from Kuo Yu Chang. After forty years of teaching he passed away in December 12, 1971.
Our Pa Kua Lineage:
Fu Chen Sheng ( 1881 - 1953)
Source: Wu Shu Dictionary 1990
Translated By : Chi Tram, July 13, 1994
Edit By: Robert Louie, July 20, 1994
Fu Chen Sheng, who was born in Honan province, loved martial arts since he was young. He followed the Chen people and learned Chen Style Tai Chi from Chen Yen Hsi. He went to Peking (Beijing) to learn Pa Kua from Chia Ch'i Shan, who was a disciple of Tung Hai Ch'uan and from Ma Gui. Fu Chen Sheng became very good and soon graduated. He toured all around the country, looking for other martial artist to exchange knowledge. He also studied from Tsung Wei I and learned Lighting Tai Ji Palm. Fu Chen Sheng's techniques improved everyday and soon he became a master. He learnt everything from his Pa Kua teachers and everyone soon regarded Fu Chen Sheng as a grand master. Fu Chen Sheng said, "Every step is important in Pa Kua." Fu Chen Sheng was known to be very good in Pa Kua Fist and Pa Kua Palm. His fist moved like meteors. When he performed Dragon Pa Kua, he moved like a dragon. He was especially known for his Pa Kua Single Big Saber, Pa Kua Turing Palms, and Tai Chi Lighting Fist. His internal Chi Kung was very good. He could throw a 10 kilogram rock into the air, let it strike his chest and bounce the same rock back into the air. Also his foundation in basics were very good. Fu Chen Sheng did not like anyone who forced themselves onto the weaker or smaller people. One time there was a bully named Yim Lau Fu, (Old Yen the Tiger), who walked around the market place and take whatever he needed, especially food, without paying for the goods and services. Fu Chen Sheng went to converse with Old Yen the Tiger, trying to convince him to pay for the goods. This angered Yen the Tiger and a fight ensued. Fu Chen Sheng fought until Old Yen the Tiger was on the ground. Old Yen the Tiger quickly got up and ran away. He was never seen again. In August of 1909, 200 robbers who were armed with knives attacked Fu Chen Sheng's village, Ma Po. Everyone in the village fought back but was no match against the robbers. Fu Chen Sheng, armed himself with a seven foot spear and attacked to his right and to his left. He injured between sixty to seventy robbers and the rest of the gang dispersed. In 1921, Fu Chen Sheng joined the Army. He demonstrated his Tiger Fist, Leopard Fist, Continuous Palm, Pa Kua Saber, and Pa Kua Four face Big Spear. The Commander of the Army, Li Ching Lin, liked u Chen Sheng and asked Fu Chen Sheng to extend his time of service in the military as an instructor. In 1926, the Army's commanding General, Chang Chih Chiang, issued orders to Fu Chen Sheng's unit that they were to be dispatched to Peking and protect the city. Later Fu Chen Sheng left the military but stayed in Peking to exchange knowledge with Sun Lu Tang and Yang Chang Po. As a result of the exchange, Fu decided to modify his techniques and skills. In Nanking, 1928, the Central Martial Arts School appointed Fu Chen Sheng as instructor. In 1929, Fu Chen Sheng went back to Kwangchou to become the head instructor and manager of many martial arts schools. He taught Pa Kua Palm, Fu Style Tai Chi, and Tai Chi Lighting Hammer. He was the first to teach these particular sets. In the spring of 1947, Kwangchou set up a Tai Chi Association and named Fu Chen Sheng as the Chairman. The association closed after one year. There were over 300 members. Fu Chen Sheng taught Tai Chi and Combat Tai Chi which everyone liked. He encourage everyone to learn. After the Communist government took control of the country, Fu Chen Sheng was regarded as the first level generation of martial artist. He was named as one of the highest ranking master in martial arts. His idea of martial arts was to help the country become a strong nation. He died in 1953, may 1, of a blood clot in his brain at the age of 72. He left with the encouraging words: "I encourage everyone to learn and practice the fist and sword arts so that their bodies will be healthy. Martial Arts will help the people of China be a strong nation.
A Visit to a Pa Kua Teacher: Lin Chao Chen
Source: Wu Lin Number 12, 1984
Translated by Chee Tram, July 13, 1994
Edit by Robert Louie, July 26, 1994
Outside in the yard was a group of ten students consisting of both men and women, practicing their Pa Kua Palm. They were moving in unison with their bodies and their palms. They were all students of Lin Chao Chen. Lin Chao Chen is a retired construction engineer. He is old but looks very healthy. He has white hair and a baby face. As he walked the Pa Kua circle, his steps were very firm and stable. We let him know that we were writers and wanted to visit him. Lin Sifu loved kung fu since he was very young. He started learning Ch'a Style and continued to learn kung fu for more than forty years. He followed a famous teacher, Fu Chen Sheng, during the 1930's and learned Pa Kua Fist. He practice hard and improved quickly. He learned everything that Fu Chen Sheng knew. He became very good at Yin Pa Kua, Yang Pa Kua, Authentic Pa Kua, Swimming Pa Kua, Pa Kua Saber, and staff arts. He is especially good at Dragon Shape Pa Kua and received a gold medal in a competition tournament. Afterwards he learned Hsing I and Yee Liang Chuan and became very good at these two styles. After fifty years of practicing and improving, he became very famous for his skills in Pa Kua Palm. In his advancing age, he still wants to teach. There has been an endless line of people who wish to learn from Lin Sifu. Currently his students are everywhere with some who are very good at Pa Kua. During the time Lin Sifu was talking to us, he showed us a picture of his Sifu, Fu Chen Sheng, and himself. As we looked at the picture we notice how old the picture was. Looking carefully at Lin Sifu, we notice how handsome he was. At this same time, there was a Martial Arts Tournament with thirty three different styles competing. Lin Chao Chen had entered and was one of sixteen people who received a gold medal. He was very excited that he won. He told us that we should try and learn because it will blossom Chinese martial arts. He said "When I retire, the only hope that I have is my style can be left to the younger generation and that my style will never be lost. The people have elected me as the Vice President of a Martial Arts School. I have to use the time that is left in my life to further spread Chinese Martial Arts to as many people as I can." Lin Chao Chen told us that the younger generation of men have to be good at kung fu and have a personality to complement it. In 1980, the Hong Kong Pa Kua Association invited him to Hong Kong to demonstrate his Pa Kua martial arts. He demonstrated his famous Dragon Shape Pa Kua Palm which is the ultimate in Pa Kua. Everyone who witnessed his performance agreed that it was very superior Pa Kua style. His demonstration was printed in the newspapers and everyone knew that he was in Hong Kong. Many people started to look for him for lessons and were afraid that he would leave without teaching his Pa Kua. Some of the Associations in Hong Kong requested that he stay to teach and were willing to pay him a high salary. There was an Association in Hong Kong that was already teaching the same Pa Kua as Lin Chao Chen. The Sifu was from the same generation as Lin Chao Chen and he asked Lin Chao Chen to stay and teach. But Lin Chao Chen wanted to go back to mainland China to fulfill his life long dream that was left to him. He was given the task from his Sifu, Fu Chen Sheng, of helping the people of China build a stronger country and he wanted to accomplish this task through his teaching of kung fu. Whenever the Dragon Shape Pa Kua Palm is demonstrated, it gives the impression that a dragon is moving around, and raising and falling. This is a very valuable lesson in fighting. Lin Chao Chen learned the complete Dragon Shape Pa Kua and his understanding of it is very deep. Currently he is writing a book about Dragon Shape Pa Kua Palm and will contain his personal experiences on the style. The book will have photographs of every move with Lin Chao Chen posing. Each photograph will have an explanation so that it will be easier for the younger generation to learn. At last, Lin Chao Chen becomes very interested in demonstrating his Dragon Shape Pa Kua Palm to us. Just like a dragon, the move appeared to be unpredictable. As he demonstrates, his body and soul concentrates as one. They become a strong moving force. As he moves through the set, we observe his writing on the wall, "Dragon Ascending, Tiger Pouncing". These words are exactly describes what we are observing as Sifu Lin Chao Chen performs Dragon Shape Pa Kua Palm.
|Fifty Years of Wu Tang Sword
by Li Tien Yuan
Source: China Wu Shu #12 - 1983
Translator - Larwence Chau April 10, 1991
Edit by Robert Louie - April 12, 1991
In 1982, at the Nanking International Wu Shu Invitation tournament, I demonstrated a set of Wu Tang Sword. This created a lot of interest. Many people asked me about my experiences, the number of years that I have practiced, and who did I learn from.
In 1930 Li Ching Lin founded the Shangtung Martial Art School. He hired my father as a teacher. I was 18 at that time and I learned under Li Ching Lin.
In 1925, Li Ching Lin engaged in a martial art activity and learned from Tsung Wei I, Pa Kua and Sword Arts. Tsung Wei I wrote three books on Wu Tang Sword. Li Ching Lin trained very hard and his sword became famous.
In Shangtung Martial Arts School, Li Ching Lin taught with the help of Lin Ching Yuan, three steps. The three steps were 1) Courage, 2) External Kung (Power) 3) Soaring Techniques. The Internal sections are 1) Immortal attitude 2) Will 3) personality. The External sections are 1) Strength 2) Speed 3) Stamina. To sum it up: Learning Wu Tang Sword had to begin from the spiritual (internal) body trend. Tsung Wei I had four training mothers: Attack, Pierce, Block, Wash?). (Tsung Wei I is Li Ching Lin teacher.) Li Ching Lin added 13 more. During the training, history requires the students to play each strike with comfort and precision. Then it is followed with speed. Keep repeating it again and again until the body and the sword merges into one. When the energies leaves the waist and the legs, it goes to the tip of the sword, then you passed the test.
The Wu Tang Active Sparring set demonstrates how the swords move in relationship to attacking, retreating, sideward moving and sliding while the swords never make contact with each other. Go slow then later go faster. From this exercise, one can experience the saying "When he moves a little, I move fast. From fast to change, from change to bullseye." And the evade and attack technique is performed.
To grab the principle of Wu Tang Sword technique, one has to complete the four training techniques: Hand, Foot, Body, Eyes.
I. Hand Techniques: means how to use the upper limbs. The shoulders are the path between the body and the sword. It passes the energy to the sword tip. The elbow is the midpoint between the body and the sword. The elbow requires quick changes. The techniques with the sword utilize the movements of the wrist and fingers. Whenever holding the sword, never hold tightly. Make sure that it can change direction (Be able to move swiftly in all directions.) Playing with different sword lengths require different techniques in holding. In general, the thumb, index finger and the middle finger hold the sword while the ring finger and little finger are loose, flexible and relax.
Daily training includes circle, crushing, pointing, and poke lifting the sword to feel the control. Most importantly, feel the strength from the wrist and hand being transferred to the tip of the sword by using a "spring action."
II. Step Technique: is fundamental for learning soaring techniques in Wu Tang Sword. It includes running, turning, and lighting speed. Therefore you have to learn the foot technique. The requirements are 1) lightness, 2) steadiness 3) quickness. "Move like light wind, steady like a mountain." During the training, the waist, knees, stomach and back all have to generate energy. The knees and ankles have to be flexible in terms of jumping. The toes grab the ground so the arch of the foot rises. The steps are pattern after Pa Kua steps: retreating step, Form step, left and right circle step, turning back step.
III. Body Technique: Wu Tang Sword requires merging 1) the body and the sword, and 2) the spirit and the sword. When striking, one sees the sword everywhere. The body should flex with the sword in circling, forwards, or retreat. Admit the ever changing body one cannot loose sight of upside, down side, front and rear of oneself. (Knowing where you are in relationship to what is around you.) When striking, the body should contain enough energy so that when it is released, it is like water overflowing a river bank. Li Ching Lin demonstrated with his students. He made them do circle and Crushing in combination with foot techniques which included leaping, jumping, etc. He also required his students to move like a swimming dragon. Sword should be like a snake's tongue. The eyes, hands, body, steps, sword merge as one. He taught his students to store all the energy in the waist before striking forward in air. The body and sword should look like a compressed spring which is ready to use all of its power.
IV. Eyes Techniques: Wu Tang Sword requires one glance to see everything. One must have extremely sharp eyes. This requires one to maintain total concentration, be very composed, waiting for an opportunity to attack your opponent. At the same time, exam your opponent and strike at any moment the opponent exposes himself.
Through constant training, one can achieve Four External Essences: 1) Sharp Eyes, 2) Quick Hands 3) Nimble Body 4) Light Steps. The Four Internal Essences: 1) Understanding 2) Strong Will 3) very Calm and Cool 4) Readiness
Li Ching Lin died in December 1931. I continued to learn under Kuo Chih Fung. It was Kuo and Lin who improved my sword techniques, especially on the principles of avoiding and attacking, changing attacks according to the enemy attacking, combining hard and soft techniques, and knowing when to face an enemy and when not to face him.
Grandmaster Wong Chia Man
By Robert Louie
Wong Chia Man was born in Tai Shan (Toyshan), Kwangtung Province, China in 1941. He started learning Northern Shaolin Chuan in Central Park Canton, China, at the age of 8 years old from Yim Shan Wu who was Kuo Yu Chang’s top disciple. In 1957, Wong Chia Man continued his lessons with Great Grandmaster Yim in Hong Kong. His talents were recognized by his Sifu and was one of the few selected to learn Northern Shaolin Lo Han from Great Grandmaster Ma Ching Fung, who learn from Kuo Yu Chang and Sun Yu Fung, King of Sabers. After years of learning both styles simultaneously, he received another letter of introduction (as the first letter of introduction was from Great Grandmaster Yim to Great Grandmaster Ma) from Great Grandmaster Ma to Great Grandmaster Yip Yee Ting of Mi Tsung Lo Han Chuan. After fifteen years of day and night study, Wong Sifu was highly trained and was the first person to complete the program studies in the Northern Shaolin Arts since World War II.
In the early 1960’s Wong Sifu came to the United States of America in hopes of opening America first Jing Mo Association. During the early years in America, he was practicing in the G & U Association where he would demonstrate his skills that he learnt in the old country. As one elderly witness in the association states, “I witness Wong Sifu break a two inch wooden board against the grain with one light slap of his open palm. This demonstration illustrated how incredible his instrinsic energy really is.”
After practicing a number of years at G & U Association, Wong Sifu opened the first Jing Mo Association in San Francisco in 1964. Wong Sifu’s curriculum was a combination blend of the Standard Jing Mo School sets, Northern Shaolin, Northern Shaolin Lo Han, Northern Shaolin Lui Ho for the external styles and Sun’s Hsing I, and Yang’s Tai Chi and Li’s Wu tang Swords for the internal styles. In 1969, his school became the largest martial arts school with students numbering in the hundreds in the San Francisco Bay Area.